New report from American University's Women & Politics Institute, "Men Rule: The Continued Under-Representation of Women in U.S. Politics," details the results of a survey of nearly 4,000 leaders, all of whom are well-situated to run for office and why even with the emergence over the past ten years of high-profile women in politics, the authors find that the gap between women and men's interest in running for office is the same today as it was a decade ago.
The Plan of Action for Gender-sensitive Parliaments was adopted unanimously by the 127th Inter- Parliamentary Union Assembly (Quebec City, October 2012). It is a key policy document for the IPU and its member Parliaments. It was drawn up following extensive consultation with IPU Members and takes account of the findings and recommendations of the IPU Global Survey on Gender-sensitive Parliaments: A Global review of good practice, published in 2011.
A gender-sensitive parliament is one that responds to the needs and interests of both men and women in its structures, methods and work. The Plan of Action is designed to support parliaments’ efforts to become more gender-sensitive institutions and offers a wide range of strategies in seven action areas that can be implemented by all parliaments.
A snapshot prepared by the Inter- Parliamentary Union depicting the presence of women in the Executive and Legislative branches of Government, in January 2012. The poster provides information on the percentage of women in ministerial ranks, women in parliaments, women in the highest decision-making bodies (women Presidents of States or Governments, women Presiding Officers of parliamentary bodies), as well as information on the ministerial portfolios held by women throughout the world.
The Global Gender Gap Report 2012 - Produced by the World Economic Forum
Palmieri, Sonia. Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2011
Design for Equality: Best-fit, medium fit and non-favorable combinations of electoral systems and gender quotas. By: Stina Larserud and Rita Taphorn.
Gender Audit Report
The European Women’s Lobby 50/50 Campaign for Democracy, running since September 2008, published on 20 May 2009 a Gender Audit Report of Electoral Lists and Political Programmes, in view of the European elections of 4-7 June 2009. The Gender Audit looks at political programmes and electoral lists for the European elections from a women’s rights perspective. It evaluates the political parties’ commitment to gender equality in view of the European Parliament elections 2009 and encourages voters to be involved in European politics.
A Global Analysis: What Has Worked for Women in Politics and What Has Not - 1975-1998
by Christine Pintat, Assistant Secretary General of the Inter-parliamentary Union
Women in Politics: 60 years in retrospect
Women in Politics: 1945 - 2005 Interparliamentary Union - February 1, 2006
Going for Gender Balance
July 2002, Produced by the Council of Europe
This report provides information on good practices for balanced representation in political and social decision-making, a guide to awareness-raising strategies, and provides examples of European gender-awareness campaigns.
United Nations Development Programme
Women's Political Participation and Good Governance - 21st Century Challenges
Gender equality and children's wellbeing go hand in hand, says new UNICEF report
December 11, 2006
Calling for more action to counter pervasive discrimination against women, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) today launched a report highlighting that "gender equality and the well-being of children go hand in hand," and recommending a raft of measures, from greater investment in girls' education to imposing quotas ensuring woman are better represented in politics.
The Participation of Women and Men in Decision-Making:
The Parliamentary Dimension Background Paper
This background paper was prepared by the IPU, for the Expert Group Meeting on "Equal participation of women and men in decision- making processes, with particular emphasis on political participation and leadership" 24-27 October 2005, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Quotas as a "Fast Track" to Equal Political Representation for Women Why Scandinavia is no longer the model
by Drude Dahlerup and Lenita Freidenvall - July 2003
Plan of Action to correct present imbalances in the Participation of Men and Women in Political Life
Adopted by the Inter-Parliamentary Council,(Paris, 26 March 1994).
The World Bank: Are Women Really the "Fairer" Sex? Corruption and Women in Government.
This world bank report suggests that women should be particularly effective in promoting honest government. The greater the number of women elected to a national parliament, the lower the level of corruption.
Strategies for Increasing Women's Participation in Government Case Study of Rwanda
Prepared for the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Democratic Governance in Africa, December 2005
UN Commission on the Status of Women
February 5, 2006 - In 2006, one of the themes of the UN Commission on the Status of Women is "Equal participation of women and men in decision-making processes at all levels."
World Bank Creates a Group Action Plan Entitled - "Gender Equality As Smart Economics"
Zambia, MMP and women, WILFRED A. DAY Equal Voice/A Voix Egale member
September 2, 2004
"Women Insight" Interparliamentary Union
The Inter-Parliamentary Union gathered its data direct from about 200 women politicians in 65 countries who responded to a written interview on their experiences in politics.
Participation of Women in Political Life
An assessment of developments in national parliaments, political parties, governments and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, five years after the Fourth World Conference on Women.
Comparative Studies of Electoral Gender Quotas - The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences
by Drude Dahlerup, Stockholm University, Sweden
"The introduction of effective quota systems represents a change in public equality policy, from 'equal opportunities' to 'equality of results'. Quota systems thus represent a break with the widespread gradualism in equality policies...I will, however, argue that the Scandinavian experience cannot be considered a model today, because it took 80 years to get that far. Today, the women of the world are not willing to wait that long.... The Swedish principle of 'every second a women' is not even considered a quota system by the general public, even if it is in fact a radical one, demanding and, in many cases, leading to 50 percent of each sex."
"Quotas are Changing the History of Women" - The Implementation of Quotas: African Experiences
Pretoria, South Africa, 11-12 November 2003 By Drude Dahlerup,Stockholm University, Sweden
A paper presented at the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA)/Electoral Institute of Southern Africa (EISA)/Southern African Development Community (SADC) Parliamentary Forum Conference.
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Getting to the Gate Online
For women of all ages, back- grounds & walks of life interest- ed in running for public office.
Thanks also to the Government of Canada (Status of Women & Canadian Heritage) for their financial support.